The states of Florida, New York, and California are all facing challenges to rules or laws that prevent undocumented residents from being admitted to the bar. In California, the state bar is now arguing before the California Supreme Court that undocumented resident Sergio Garcia, who has passed the bar exam, should be admitted to practice. The federal government opposes his admission based on a 1996 law that denies unlawful immigrants "professional
licenses" issued by government agencies or through the use of public funds. John Steele at Legal Ethics Forum reports on the three days of oral argument. He notes that several of the justices hearing the case were born abroad or have foreign parentage, but he agrees with ABA Journal that the odds do not appear to favor Garcia.