The Ninth Circuit ruled last fall that Montana's statute making it a criminal offense for a political party to "endorse, contribute to, or make an expenditure to support or oppose a judicial candidate" in a nonpartisan judicial election violates the First Amendment to the extent that it restricts endorsements and expenditures. The opinion said that the ban deprived Montana voters of "the full and robust exchange of views to which, under our Constitution, they are entitled." The opinion did not enjoin Montana's disclosure requirements in respect to the endorsements or expenditures. On Friday, in Sanders County Republican Central Committee v. Fox, a Ninth Circuit panel affirmed the earlier holding but reversed a lower court's injunction against enforcing the state ban on contributions. In other words, political parties in Montana may endorse and spend money in nonpartisan judicial races, but the state is free to enforce its ban against political parties contributing to nonpartisan judicial candidates.