Predictive coding technology lets nameless, faceless machines in remote rooms do what nameless, faceless associates in remote rooms do -- plow through vast quantities of discovery documents. Only predictive coding technology does it without any sleep. Which is why it's potentially a big deal that a federal magistrate judge has required the use of a predictive coding protocol for automated e-discovery in a case in the Southern District of New York. ABA Journal says that the case, reported in Law Technology News, may be the first case of mandated predictive coding. But humans are not totally superfluous in this process -- a live human review team has to go through about 15,000 to 20,000 documents to determine the appropriate predictive coding protocol.