The amendment of Rule 606 of the Michigan Rules of Evidence announced today is effective Jan. 1, 2012. Additions are indicated by underlining and deletions are indicated by strikeover:
Rule 606. Competency of Juror as Witness.
(a) At the trial. A member of the jury may not testify as a witness before that jury in the trial of the case in which the juror is sitting. No objection need be made in order to preserve the point.
(b) Inquiry into validity of verdict or indictment. Upon an inquiry into the validity of a verdict or indictment, a juror may not testify as to any matter or statement occurring during the course of the jury’s deliberations or to the effect of anything upon that or any other juror’s mind or emotions as influencing the juror to assent to or dissent from the verdict or indictment or concerning the juror’s mental processes in connection therewith. But a juror may testify about (1) whether extraneous prejudicial information was improperly brought to the jury’s attention, (2) whether any outside influence was improperly brought to bear upon any juror, or (3) whether there was a mistake in entering the verdict onto the verdict form. A juror’s affidavit or evidence of any statement by the juror may not be received on a matter about which the juror would be precluded from testifying.
The Court did not adopt a proposed change, published for comment and opposed by the State Bar and others, that would have restricted attorneys' access to jurors for purpose of gaining information about the jury deliberations:
Rule 2.512. Rendering Verdict.
(E) Attorneys, parties, or anyone acting for them or on their behalf shall not, without filing a formal motion therefore with the court and securing the court’s permission, interrogate jurors in civil or criminal cases, either in person or in writing, in an attempt to determine the basis for any verdict rendered or to secure other information concerning the deliberations of the jury or any members thereof. The court itself may conduct such interrogation in lieu of granting permission to the movant.
The staff comment says that the amendment makes Michigan’s rule more consistent with FRE 606, and clarifies the types of information a juror may testify to if an inquiry is made into a verdict or indictment. Here's the text of FRE 606:
Rule 606. Juror’s Competency as a Witness
(a) At the Trial. A juror may not testify as a witness before the other jurors at the trial. If a juror is called to testify, the court must give a party an opportunity to object outside the jury’s presence.
(b) During an Inquiry into the Validity of a Verdict or Indictment.
(1) Prohibited Testimony or Other Evidence. During an inquiry into the validity of a verdict or indictment, a juror may not testify about any statement made or incident that occurred during the jury’s deliberations; the effect of anything on that juror’s or another juror’s vote; or any juror’s mental processes concerning the verdict or indictment. The court may not receive a juror’s affidavit or evidence of a juror’s statement on these matters.
(2) Exceptions. A juror may testify about whether:
(A) extraneous prejudicial information was improperly brought to the jury’s attention;
(B) an outside influence was improperly brought to bear on any juror; or
(C) a mistake was made in entering the verdict on the verdict form.